Mikhail Gorbachev, famous for his extraordinary reforms that drove to the end of the Cold War, died Tuesday after a long sickness. He was 91.
Gorbachev, who bestowed the Nobel Peace prize, had released path-breaking reforms though he was in power for less than seven years, but was impotent to save the fall of the Soviet Union.
The last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, worked to bring about the reunification of Germany by negotiating artillery reduction agreements with the United States and forming alliances with Western nations.
In 1990, Mikhail Gorbachev bestowed the Nobel Peace Prize for his contributions to global politics.
In disparity to previous Kremlin leaders who had sent tanks to suppress uprisings in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968. Mikhail Gorbachev avoided employing force when pro-democracy rallies breezed the Soviet bloc countries of communist Eastern Europe in 1989.
But the protests fired demands for independence in the 15 Soviet republics, which resulted in the country’s disorganised dissolution during the following two years.
Gorbachev made an unsuccessful effort to cease that catastrophe.
He had planned to revitalise the system by allowing some political and economic freedoms when he was appointed general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party in 1985, at the age of just 54, but his changes spiralled ungovernable.
His “glasnost” (free speech) policy motivated nationalists to push for independence in the Baltic republics of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and elsewhere. While also allowing thus far incredible criticism of the party and the state.
Many Russians never excused Mikhail Gorbachev for the unrest his reforms caused because they believed the following depreciation in their standard of living was too great a cost to pay for democracy.
“Mikhail Gorbachev gave us all liberty, but we don’t know what to do with it,” liberal economist Russian Grinberg said on June 30 after visiting Mikhail Gorbachev in the hospital.
Stay tuned with Artifex.News for further updates. Stay Connected, Stay Informed!
Image Credited: Wikimedia Commons